Main Index
History Index
Modeling Index

Trail Index

Index >Guide>Botany
Botany of the

Sussex Branch Trail

Ralph Wilen/Dr. Patrick L. Cooney/Dr. William F. Standaert

Originally found at: http://www.torreybotanical.com/njrvtofc/sussexbr.html


PLANT LIST:


Ferns & Fern Allies:

  • Equisetum arvense (field horsetail) Common H. some
  • Lycopodium lucidulum (shining clubmoss) 1 patch
  • Lycopodium obscurum (flat-branched tree clubmoss) 2 small patches
  • Lycopodium tristachyum (blue groundcedar) 1 small patch
  • Adiantum pedatum ssp. pedatum (northern maidenhair) some
  • Asplenium platyneuron (ebony spleenwort) common
  • Asplenium rhizophyllum (walking fern) some
  • Asplenium trichomanes (maidenhair spleenwort) common on ledges
  • Athyrium filix-femina var. michauxii (Northern Lady Fern) some
  • Athyrium thelypterioides Silvery Spleenwort (silvery glade fern) some
  • Botrychium virginianum (rattlesnake fern) few
  • Cystopteris bulbifera Bulblet Bladder Fern common on ledges
  • Dennstaedtia punctilobula Hay-scented Fern some
  • Dryopteris carthusiana Spinulose Wood Fern some
  • Dryopteris clintoniana Clinton's Wood Fern few
  • Dryopteris cristata Crested Wood Fern some
  • Dryopteris goldiana Goldie's Wood Fern some
  • Dryopteris intermedia Evergreen Wood Fern some
  • Dryopteris marginalis Marginal Wood Fern some
  • Dryopteris x boottii [D. cristata x intermedia] Boot's Wood Fern(hybrid) few, 1 site
  • Matteuccia struthiopteris Ostrich Fern few
  • Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive Fern common
  • Osmunda claytoniana var. ... Interrupted Fern few
  • Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis Royal Fern few
  • Polypodium virginianum Rock Polypody few
  • Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas Fern some
  • Thelypteris hexagonoptera Broad Beech Fern few patches
  • Thelypteris noveboracensis New York Fern some
  • Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens Marsh Fern some
  • Woodsia obtusa Blunt-lobed Cliff Fern few, 1 site


Grasses:

  • Arhenatherum latius var. elatius (tall oatgrass) few
  • Athoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) common
  • Bromus pubescens (brome grass) few
  • Danthonia spicata (poverty oat grass) few
  • Festuca pratensis (meadow fescue grass) some
  • Microstegium vimineum (Japanese Stilt Grass) common
  • Muhlenbergia sp. (dropseed) few
  • Panicum depauperatum (Panic-grass) few
  • Panicum lanuginosum var.fasciculatum (Panic-grass) common
  • Panicum latifolium (Panic-grass) few
  • Phleum pratense (Timothy Grass) few
  • Phragmites australis (Giant Reed Grass) few
  • Poa annua (Annual Bluegrass) few
  • Poa compressa (Canada Bluegrass) some
  • Poa trivialis (Rough-stemmed Bluegrass) some
  • Sphenopholis obtusata var. major (Wedge-gras) few


Herbs:

  • Actaea alba (Doll's-eyes, White Baneberry) few
  • Agrimonia sp. (Agrimony) few
  • Alliaria petiolata (Garlic Mustard) common 6/28/97
  • Allium tricoccum var. tricoccum (Wild Leek) some 6/28/97 soon
  • Anemone virginiana (Thimbleweed) some 6/28/97
  • Apocynum androsaemifolium (Spreading Dogbane) few
  • Aquilegia canadensis (Canada Columbine) some
  • Arabis laevigata var. laevigata (Smooth Rockcress) few
  • Aralia nudicaulis (Wild Sarsaparilla) some
  • Arctium lappa (Great Burdock) 1
  • Arisaema triphyllum var. triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit) common 6/28/97
  • Artemisia vulgaris (Common Mugwort) some
  • Asclepias syriaca (Common Milkweed) few 6/28/97
  • Cardamine pensylvanica (Pennsylvania Bittercress) 1 patch
  • Caulophyllum thalictroides var. thalictroides (Blue Cohosh) some
  • Ceanothus americanus var. ... (New-Jersey-tea) 2 6/28/97
  • Centaurea maculosa (Spotted Knapweed) common
  • Cephalanthus occidentalis var. ... (Buttonbush) few
  • Cerastium vulgatum (Mouse-ear Chickweed) few 6/28/97
  • Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (Ox-eye-daisy) few 6/28/97
  • Cicuta bulbifera (Bulb-bearing Water-hemlock) 1
  • Cimicifuga racemosa (American Bugbane) 1
  • Circaea lutetiana var. canadensis (Enchanter's-nightshade) few 6/28/97
  • Collinsonia canadensis (Horsebalm) few
  • Commelina communis (Asiatic Dayflower) few 6/28/97
  • Conopholis americana (Squawroot) few
  • Desmodium glutinosum (Dillen's Ticktrefoil) some 6/28/97 soon
  • Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink) some 6/28/97
  • Epipactis helleborine (Helleborine Orchid) 1
  • Erigeron annuus (Annual Fleabane) some 6/28/97
  • Eupatorium rugosum var. rugosum (White Snakeroot) common
  • Euphorbia cyparissias (Cypress Spurge) few
  • Fragaria virginiana (Wild Strawberry) some
  • Galium aparine var. ... (Cleavers) common
  • Galium circaezans var. hypomalacum (Wild-licorice) few 6/28/97
  • Galium mollugo var. ... (Wild Madder) some 6/28/97
  • Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium) some
  • Geum canadense (White Avens) few 6/28/97
  • Hepatica americana (Round-lobed Hepatica) some
  • Hesperis matronalis (Dame's Rocket) few 6/28/97
  • Heuchera americana (Alum-root) 1
  • Hieracium caespitosum (Yellow King-devil Hawkweed) few
  • Hieracium piloselloides (Glaucous King-devil Hawkweed) some 6/28/97
  • Hypericum punctatum (Spotted St. Johnswort) 1 6/28/97 soon
  • Impatiens capensis (Orange Jewelweed) some
  • Iris versicolor (Blue Flag) few 6/28/97
  • Lactuca sp. (Wild Lettuce) some
  • Laportea canadensis (Wood-nettle) few
  • Lespedeza repens (Bush-clover) 1 patch
  • Lysimachia quadrifolia (Whorled Loosestrife) few 6/28/97
  • Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loosestrife) some
  • Maianthemum canadense var. ... (Canada Mayflower) few
  • Medeola virginiana (Indian Cucumber-root) few
  • Medicago lupulina (Black Medick) some 6/28/97
  • Mitella diphylla (Two-leaved Mitrewort) some
  • Nuphar sp. (variegata?) (Spatterdock) (distant) few 6/28/97
  • Nymphaea odorata var. ... (Water-lily) abundant 6/28/97
  • Oenothera biennis (Common Evening-primrose) some
  • Oenothera tetragona (Sundrops) few, 1 site 6/28/97
  • Osmorhiza claytonii (Sweet Cicely) some
  • Osmorhiza longistylis (Long-styled Sweet Cicely) 2
  • Oxalis stricta (Yellow Wood-sorrel) some 6/28/97
  • Pastinaca sativa (Wild Parsnip) few
  • Peltandra virginica (Arrow-arum) some 6/28/97
  • Penstemon digitalis (Beard-tongue) common 6/28/97
  • Pilea pumila var. pumila (Clearweed) some
  • Plantago lanceolata (English Plantain) few 6/28/97
  • Plantago major (Common Plantain) some
  • Podophyllum peltatum (May-apple) some
  • Polygonatum pubescens (Hairy Solomon's Seal) some
  • Polygonum cespitosum var. longisetum (Cespitose Smartweed) common 6/28/97
  • Pontederia cordata (Pickerelweed) few 6/28/97
  • Potentilla recta (Sulphur Cinquefoil) few 6/28/97
  • Potentilla simplex (Common Cinquefoil) some
  • Prenanthes sp. (Gall-of-the-earth) some
  • Pyrola elliptica (Shinleaf) 1 6/28/97
  • Ranunculus abortivus var. ... (Kidney-leaved Crowfoot) few
  • Ranunculus acris var. acris (Common Buttercup) few 6/28/97
  • Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus (Hispid Buttercup) few
  • Ranunculus recurvatus (Hooked Buttercup) 2
  • Rumex acetosella (Sheep Sorrel) few 6/28/97
  • Sagina japonica (Pearlwort) common, few sites 6/28/97 soo
  • Sanguinaria canadensis (Bloodroot) some
  • Sanicula canadensis (Black Snakeroot) some 6/28/97
  • Satureja vulgaris (Wild Basil) few 6/28/97
  • Sedum sarmentosum (Stonecrop) 1 patch 6/28/97
  • Senecio obovatus (Running Groundse)l few patches
  • Silene vulgaris (Bladder-campion) some 6/28/97
  • Smilacina racemosa (False Solomon's Seal) some
  • Solidago arguta var. arguta (Goldenrod) few
  • Spiraea alba var. latifolia (Meadowsweet) some
  • Symplocarpus foetidus (Skunk-cabbage) common
  • Thalictrum pubescens (Tall Meadow-rue) few 6/28/97
  • Trifolium aureum (Hop Clover) few 6/28/97
  • Trifolium pratense (Red Clover) some 6/28/97
  • Trifolium repens (White Clover) common 6/28/97
  • Trillium cernuum var. ... (Nodding Trillium) common, several sites 6/28/97
  • Triodanis perfoliata (Round-leaved Triodanis) few
  • Typha latifolia (Broad-leaved Cattail) some
  • Uvularia perfoliata (Perfoliate Bellwort) few
  • Verbascum thapsus (Common Mullein) few
  • Veronica officinalis (Common Speedwell) some
  • Viola conspersa (American Dog Violet) 1 large patch
  • Viola palmata var. palmata (Wood Violet) some
  • Viola pubescens (Yellow Forest Violet) some
  • Viola sagittata (Arrowhead Violet) some
  • Viola sp. (cucullata?) (Blue Marsh Violet) common


Rushes and Sedges:

  • Carex sp. (laxiflora?) (sedge) some
  • Carex swanii (sedge) 1
  • Carex vulpinoidea var.vulpinoidea (sedge) few
  • Juncus tenuis var. tenuis (path rush) common
  • Luzula multiflora (wood rush) few


Shrubs and Sub-shrubs:

  • Alnus serrulata (Smooth Alder) some
  • Berberis thunbergii (Japanese Barberry) few
  • Chimaphila maculata (Spotted Wintergreen) 1
  • Cornus alternifolia (Alternate-leaved Dogwood) few
  • Cornus amomum var. amomum (Swamp Dogwood) some
  • Cornus rugosa (Round-leaved Dogwood) few
  • Corylus americana (American Hazel) few
  • Corylus cornuta (Beaked Hazel) 1
  • Euonymus alatus (Winged Euonymus) some
  • Hamamelis virginiana (Witch-hazel) some
  • Ilex verticillata var. ... (Winterberry) some 6/28/97
  • Lindera benzoin var. benzoin (Spicebush)common
  • Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's Honeysuckle) common
  • Lonicera tatarica (Tartarian Honeysuckle) 1
  • Rosa carolina (Carolina Rose) some 6/28/97
  • Rosa multiflora (Multiflora Rose) common
  • Rubus occidentalis (Black Raspberry) some
  • Rubus odoratus (Flowering Raspberry) few
  • Rubus phoenicolasius (Wineberry) some
  • Sambucus canadensis var. ... (Common Elderberry) few 6/28/97
  • Sorbus aucuparia (European Mountain-ash) 2
  • Staphylea trifolia (Bladder-nut) some
  • Syringa vulgaris (Common Lilac) 1 clump
  • Toxicodendron vernix (Poison Sumac) few 6/28/97
  • Viburnum acerifolium (Maple-leaved Viburnum) few
  • Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum (Arrowwood Viburnum) some
  • Viburnum prunifolium (Blackhaw Viburnum) some
  • Zanthoxylum americanum (Prickly-ash) 1


Trees:

  • Acer platanoides (Norway Maple) some
  • Acer rubrum (Red Maple) common
  • Acer saccharum var. saccharum (Sugar Maple) common
  • Ailanthus altissima (Tree of Heaven) some
  • Betula lenta (Black Birch) common
  • Betula populifolia (Gray Birch) some
  • Carpinus caroliniana var. virginiana (Musclewood) few
  • Carya cordiformis (Bitternut Hickory) few
  • Carya glabra (Pignut Hickory) few
  • Carya ovata (Shagbark Hickory) few
  • Carya tomentosa (Mockernut Hickory) 1
  • Fagus grandifolia var. ... (American Beech) few
  • Fraxinus nigra (Black Ash) 1
  • Fraxinus pennsylvanica (Red Ash) common
  • Liriodendron tulipifera (Tulip-tree) common
  • Morus alba (White Mulberry) 1
  • Ostrya virginiana (Eastern Hop-hornbeam) few
  • Populus deltoides var. deltoides (Cottonwood) few
  • Prunus serotina (Wild Black Cherry) few Pyrus malus (Appl)e 2
  • Quercus alba (White Oak) some
  • Quercus muehlenbergii (Yellow Oak) some
  • Quercus rubra (Red Oak) few
  • Quercus velutina (Black Oak) few
  • Rhus typhina (Staghorn Sumac) some
  • Sassafras albidum (Sassafras) some
  • Tilia americana var. americana (American Basswood) some
  • Tsuga canadensis (Eastern Hemlock) few
  • Ulmus americana (American Elm) some
  • Ulmus rubra (Slippery Elm) 1


Vines:

  • Amphicarpaea bracteata (Hog Peanut) common
  • Calystegia sepium (Hedge Bindweed) 1 6/28/97
  • Celastrus orbiculatus (Oriental Bittersweet) some
  • Clematis virginiana (Virgin's Bower) few
  • Dioscorea villosa var. villosa (Wild Yamroot) common
  • Lonicera japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle) few 6/28/97
  • Menispermum canadense (Moonseed) 1
  • Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper) some
  • Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans (Poison Ivy) abundant
  • Vitis aestivalis var. aestivalis (Summer Grape) common 6/28/97
  • Vitis riparia (River-bank Grape) few 6/28/97